Sasan’s Shadow: An Ultra Mega Power Project’s Dark Side

PWR_100116_Sasan_Splash   For all its record-breaking achievements for speed, innovation, and efficiency, the 3,960-MW Sasan Ultra Mega Power Project should have been a POWER Top Plant. But the unique project has been plagued by serious setbacks—including loss of life—that show how perilous the plant construction journey can be.

A decade ago, India was suffering a power crisis so dire that only 56% of households in the country with a population of 1.1 billion had connections to the grid. (Today, it’s 81%; see this issue’s “THE BIG PICTURE: Still in the Dark” in the Global Monitor department.) Where electricity was available, power cuts were routine, and Indian industry, so used to failings of the national grid, was forced to build its own “captive” generating plants. In 2005, gripped by the prospect of a widening chasm between demand and supply (at the time, demand exceeded supply by 12.1%), India’s central government set ambitious targets to add 100 GW of new generating capacity over the next 10 years to fuel its surging economy.

One of its most formidable ventures to boost this virtual doubling of generating capacity was the introduction of ultra mega power projects (UMPPs). Backed by the Ministry of Power and the Central Electricity Authority, the program consisted of two stages. First, it tasked the state-owned Power Finance Corp. (PFC) with setting up subsidiaries known as “special purpose vehicles” (SPVs) to procure land, water, and environmental clearances as well as power purchase agreements and to allocate coal blocks to fuel a dozen planned 4-GW UMPPs scattered around the country. Secondly, the government invited private companies to bid competitively to acquire an SPV based on the lowest “levelized” tariff to be charged for electricity.

In February 2006, the PFC established Sasan Power Ltd. to develop, own, and maintain a UMPP in Singrauli, a district in the central state of Madhya Pradesh. Historically, the region had been covered in forests so dense and wild that it was used as an open-air prison by the maharajas of the neighboring Rewa region. Since construction of a large dam in the 1950s that formed a sizable artificial lake, the Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar Lake Reservoir, and the discovery of rich coal deposits spread over 2,200 square kilometers of nearby land, Singrauli has been transformed into an energy hub. Owing to its proximity to an abundance of coal and water, today the region has an operating power capacity of more than 10 GW—mostly from coal-fired plants, and projects of up to 15 GW are under construction.

Reliance Power (then known as Reliance Energy Ltd.), the power-generating arm of conglomerate Reliance Group, ultimately acquired Sasan Power in August 2007 at a levelized tariff of 1.196 rupees/kWh (about $0.026/kWh at the time). That year, Reliance also snapped up SPVs and related assets for another UMPP: the 4-GW Krishnapatnam project planned for Andhra Pradesh state. And in 2009, it won rights to set up the Tilaiya UMPP in Jharkhand state.

Tilaiya was canceled last year, owing to inordinate delays in land acquisition. As Reliance told POWER, the Krishnapatnam UMPP is also in regulatory limbo. The project was to depend on imported coal from Indonesia, but following rule changes, the price of that coal has shot up. “The company has moved Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) for [a tariff revision], citing ‘force majeure.’ The matter is subjudice,” the company said, declining to comment further.

Sasan, on the other hand, was fully commissioned by April 2015—a stunning 12 months ahead of schedule.

A Project of National Significance

Putting Sasan online on schedule was a matter of “national importance,” Reliance said, as it would benefit 350 million people in seven Indian states and territories: Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Uttarakhand.

Project construction officially kicked off in 2009. Reliance’s construction arm, Reliance Infrastructure Ltd. (RINFRA), won the engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) contract. RINFRA then appointed consultants such as Black & Veatch, HOK, Toshiba Power Systems, and Indian engineering firms Development Consultants Private Ltd. and STUP, among others, to design and develop the project.

The project’s major equipment was sourced from a number of entities (Table 1) from around the world.

PWR_100116_Sasan_Table1

Table 1. Sasan Ultra Mega Power Plant’s major equipment suppliers. Courtesy: Reliance Infrastructure

Today, the UMPP is a 3,960-MW supercritical coal-fired power plant consisting of six 660-MW units and two government-allocated coal mines located about 12.4 miles away from the power plant. The project and associated coal mines account for nearly 10,000 acres of land, of which nearly 7,000 acres is for the mining operation. That makes it one of the biggest integrated coal mine and power projects at a single location in the world.

Among the project’s most remarkable attributes is that it transports coal to the power plant from the coal mines via a 9-mile-long overland conveyor belt (Figure 1). Reliance noted that the single flight conveyor system “has a higher reliability, longer service life, [it is] compatible for rough terrain, and it requires lower human interface” than the alternatives.

PWR_100116_Sasan_Fig1

1. Coal belt. Coal from two mines leased from India’s government is transported to the 3,960-MW Sasan Ultra Mega Power Project via a 9-mile-long conveyor belt that crosses rough terrain and rivers. The overland conveyor includes head tail drives and two horizontal curves. Courtesy: Reliance Infrastructure

The plant also uniquely uses fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) cooling towers, and it has one of the largest FRP towers in the world, according to its manufacturer, Hamon Shriram Cottrell, a joint venture between Belgium’s Hamon Group and India’s Shriram Industrial Holdings.

By the time the project was deemed complete, it had achieved several “firsts” for an Indian power plant:

■ It was the first time in the country that boiler light-up for steam blowing was done with coal firing instead of oil.

■ It clocked the country’s fastest hydro test to identify leaks of the boiler.

It achieved commissioning of five 660-MW units within 12 months—the fastest in the country. Four units were synchronized to the grid in a record eight months’ time.

Advertisements

Another Bhopal? Sonbhadra-Singrauli has all the ingredients

AVESH TIWARI@PatrikaNews | 7 June 2016

Have you heard of the Sonbhadra-Singrauli belt? This region at the cusp of Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh is billed by many as India’s energy capital. What nobody talks of is how this belt is on the brink of a disaster that can match the Bhopal disaster.Another Bhopal? Sonbhadra-Singrauli has all the ingredients

The methyl isocyanate leak at the Union Carbide plant in Bhopal led to India’s biggest industrial disaster on 2 December, 1984. Such was the scale of the leak that horror stories haven’t stop coming out three decades on. But have we learnt any lesson?

Doesn’t seem so if we look at Sonbhadra-Singrauli. The 40 square-kilometre area hosts some half-a-dozen power plants – both coal-fired and hydro-electric. Their combined capacity of about 21,000 megawatts (MW) cater to a large part of the country.

Now private groups such as Reliance, Lanco and Essar as well as state-owned utilities are set to add 20,000 MW more by setting up several projects in the next five years.

The belt also houses several other industries like an aluminum, chemical and carbon factories of the Birlas and a cement factory owned by the Jaypee Group.

But these impressive numbers tell just one side of the story.

FARMER TRAGEDIES
The Sonbhadra-Singrauli belt is also known for the plight of its farmers whose land has been ruined by mining and limestone.

This region is also home to over five lakh Adivasis. In fact, Sonbhadra is the only district of Uttar Pradesh where tribals are in a majority.

However, the fruits of industrial activity have barely reached these people with most of them find it difficult to make ends meet.

The region is traversed by eight small rivers. With the area accounting for nearly 16% of the total carbon emission in the country, it is of little surprise that all the river waters are completely polluted.

In other words, every inch of this land is prone to a catastrophe like Bhopal. The greed of industrialists, politicians and bureaucrats is not the only reason for this risk.

The media is equally to blame for this state of affairs. It will highlight Sonbhadra-Singrauli’s issues only after a disaster. Otherwise, it is happy to look the other way.

Enrico Fabian for The Washington Post via Getty Images
POISON FACTORY
The chloro chemicals division of Kanoria Chemicals & Industries Ltd, located at Renukoot, produces some of the most dangerous substances for industrial use. It was acquired by the Aditya Birla group in 2011 at a cost of Rs 830 crore.

It is estimated that the waste produced by this factory kills 40-50 people every year on average. Most of this waste is released directly into the Rihand dam. And the effect is telling on the surrounding population.

Thousands of residents in hundreds of villages around the Rihand Dam have been completely or partially crippled.

“Waste from the Kanoria Chemicals factory at Renukoot kills 40-50 people every year on an average”
In December 2011, 20 people of the Kamari Dand village in Sonbhadra district lost their lives after using the water from the Rihand Dam. Thousands of cattle had also met with the same fate.

Investigations proved that the chemicals released from the Kanoria Chemicals Factory had poisoned the water. Yet, the issue did not attract enough media attention.

Earlier, a gas leak from the Kanoria plant had killed five people in January 2005. The accident reportedly occurred because of the negligence of company officials.

Villages after village in Sonbhadra are falling prey to the fatal disease of Fluorosis, a chronic condition caused by excessive intake of fluorine compounds.

There is hardly a person in villages like Padwa Kodawari and Kusumha, who has not been afflicted with some of kind of physical deformity due to this disease.

HAZARD CALLED MERCURY
The power plants of Sonbhadra-Singrauli emit 1.5 tonnes of fly ash every year. This fly ash is composed of mercury that is extremely harmful to the human body. Traces of mercury have been found in the samples of human hair, blood and even crops of this region.

The locals have no option but to live with the impact of this pollution. The sun here is paled with the dust coming out of towering chimneys. A blanket of haze engulfs the air as soon as the evening sets in.

The pollution has not even spared the still-to-be-born babies. The death of children during the pre-pregnancy period has become a regular occurrence.

Yet, the state-run Obra and Anpara power plants are operating without any environmental clearance. The Central Pollution Control Board has ordered a close down stating they are ‘too dangerous.’

“State-run Obra and Anpara power plants are operating without environmental clearance”
However, nobody seems baffled with such blatant flouting of norms. The seeds of a Bhopal-like tragedy are being sown, not only in Sonbhadra-Singrauli belt but in every corner of the country.

The state as well as the Union Government is avoiding accountability in the name of development. For now, the Sonbhadra-Singrauli region is nothing more than a hen laying golden eggs for them.

While one Warren Anderson may have gotten away, there are many more in the making.

http://www.catchnews.com/india-news/sonbhadra-singrauli-belt-is-called-india-s-power-capital-but-may-be-headed-for-a-disaster-1465284694.html

सासन प्रोजेक्ट को चीन और अमेरिकी बैंकों से फायनेंस की इजाजत नहीं

नगर प्रतिनिधि | जबलपुर
सिंगरौली में रिलायंस के सासन पावर प्रोजेक्ट को केन्द्र सरकार ने तगड़ा झटका दिया है। कोयला मंत्रालय ने कंपनी के उस प्रस्ताव को खारिज कर दिया है, िजसमें प्रोजेक्ट के िलए चायना और अमेरिकन बैंकों से वित्तीय मदद लेने की अनुमति चाही गई थी।
हैरान करने वाला खुलासा हुआ है कि िरलायंस पावर ने िवदेशों से फायनेंस जुटाने के िलए कोल माइंस को ही मॉडगेज (बंधक) करने की तैयारी कर ली थी। कोल मिनिस्ट्री ने शक्ति भवन से सासन और मप्र सरकार के बीच हुए पॉवर परचेस एग्रीमेंट की शर्तों का बारीकी से मुआयना करने के बाद इस तरह की सख्ती दिखाई है। शेष | पेज 12
मंत्रालय ने रिलायंस और प्रदेश सरकार को पत्र लिखकर स्पष्ट कहा है कि सासन प्रोजेक्ट के मोहेर और मोहेर अमरोही एक्सटेंशन ब्लॉक को किसी भी कीमत पर मॉडगेज बनाकर बैंक से ऋण हासिल नहीं किया जा सकता।
क्यों पड़ी जरूरत- िरलायंस पावर ने सासन प्रोजेक्ट के िलए अप्रैल 2009 में एसबीआई के नेतृत्व वाले 14 बैंकों के समूह से 14,500 करोड़ का लोन लिया। प्रोजेक्ट की कुल लागत 19,400 करोड़ के िलए 75 फीसदी िवत्तीय सहायता आईआईएफसीसी, पावर फायनेंस कॉर्पोरेशन, रूरल इलेक्ट्रिफिकेशन काॅर्पोरेशन, पीएनबी, एलआईसी, एक्सिस बैंक, आईडीबीआई, आंध्रा बैंक, बैंक ऑफ बड़ौदा और यूनियन बैंक ने मुहैया कराई। िसतंबर 2011 में सासन प्रोजेक्ट को कोयला उपलब्ध कराने प्रदेश सरकार और रिलायंस पावर के बीच अनुबंध हो गया। सूत्रांे का कहना है कि इसके बाद किसी फायनेंसियल प्रॉफिट के मकसद से िरलायंस पावर ने बाद में फायनेंस रकम को यूएस एक्जिम, बैंक ऑफ चायना, चायना डेवलपमेंट और एक्सपोर्ट इंपोर्ट बैंक ऑफ चायना से री-फायनेंस का प्रस्ताव रखा। बैंकों ने इस पर रजामंदी तो िदखाई, लेकिन माॅडगेज मांगा। वर्ष 2012 में रिलायंस पावर ने कोयला मंत्रालय से इसके िलए अनुमित मांगी। लंबी प्रक्रिया के बाद मंत्रालय ने इसे खारिज कर दिया।
िनयम में नहीं– कोल आवंटन नीति में स्पष्ट है कि प्रोजेक्ट को मॉडगेज कर लोन लिया जा सकता है, लेकिन खदान को कतई नहीं। जानकारों के अनुसार मिनरल कन्सेशन रूल्स 1960 का िनयम 37 इस तरह की रियायत देता है, लेकिन मॉडगेज उन्हीं बैंकों में मुमकिन है, जो कोयला मंत्रालय के शैड्यूल बैंक सूची में शामिल हो।
इस मामले की मुझे जानकारी नहीं। इस बारे में हाल फिलहाल कुछ भी कह पाना मुमकिन नहीं है।
-एंटोनी डिसा, चीफ सेक्रेटरी, मप्र शासन
प्रदेश सरकार ने की वकालत

रिलायंस को फायदा पहुंचाने के िलए प्रदेश सरकार ने केन्द्र के आगे वकालत भी की। जानकारों का कहना है कि प्रदेश के खनन विभाग ने केन्द्रीय कोल मंत्रालय को पत्र भेजकर कहा कि इसके िलए अनुमति प्रदान की जानी चाहिए। प्रदेश सरकार ने इसके लिए बाकायदा वह प्रक्रिया की, जसके जरिये यह संभव हो सकता है।

http://epaper.bhaskar.com/detail/?id=1000684&boxid=5173711763&view=text&editioncode=180&pagedate=05/17/2016&pageno=1&map=map&ch=mpcg

US Ex- Im Bank confirms serious labour rights violations at Reliance’s Sasan Power Project

Press Statement
Singrauli | Feb 9, 2016

US Ex- Im Bank confirms serious labour rights violations at Reliance’s Sasan Power Project

Export Import Bank of the United States, a financer of Reliance’s Sasan Power Project in Madhya Pradesh, confirmed serious labour rights violations at the project, including 19 deaths.

In the report “Report on Project Financing of Sasan Power Limited” dated September 2015,the Office of Inspector General of the US ExIm bank, it has been confirmed that Ex-Im Bank’s Chairman expressed his continued disappointment to the CEO of Reliance regarding the “poor safety” practices at the Project. In particular, the Chairman’s letter stated, “the number of all fatalities at the integrated Project is now 19—which is both tragic and absolutely unacceptable.” Despite that, nothing changed on the ground.

Most of these cases were not investigated, nor action taken against the Reliance for this serious lapses. Ex-Im Bank, despite expressing concerns about these cases, failed to take any action to ensure that such cases do not recur.

SrijanLokhitSamiti (SLS) has been raising issues of ‘accident deaths’ at the project site the past few years. This is the first time this is recognised by a body like that of Ex-Im Bank. “19 deaths are very serious. What is equally shocking is that despite these cases, no action is taken against the company. The impunity the company continues to enjoy is very disturbing’, Awadhesh Kumar, senior activist of SrijanLokhitSamiti said.

The report further says that, “The letter emphasized the Bank’s commitment to ‘the highest standards for health and safety compliance in projects financed by Ex-Im Bank’ and that ‘the alarming number of injuries and fatalities must come to an end.’ The Chairman’s letter noted that ‘rather than improving, the situation appears to be deteriorating.’ “ The Bank required Reliance to submit “detailed action plans to improve the health and safety record at the Project sites by February 15, 2015.”

The report confirms that the incidents of fatalities have been brought to the notice of the Ex-ImBank by third parties since 2012 and the only action that the was recommended from the Banks side was to ‘develop a safety oriented culture’. However, no substantial actions were taken by the Ex-Im Bank to out a check to these cases. Timely actions could have saved many lives.

“The number of deaths could be many times more than 19. Most of the labourers are contract labourers and what happens to them is not documented properly. Apart from deaths, there are umpteen number of cases where labourers are seriously injured, some even impaired for life. They are not counted here and their issues are not addressed,” xxxx, (also say who s/he is) said.

In a complaint sent to US Ex-Im Bank in July 2014 submitted by SrijanLokhitSamitialong with other civil society organisations, it was categorically mentioned that there have been a number of serious accidents cases at the project site and the numbers may run into hundreds. Locals have also complained of all such accidents not being reported especially in cases where migrant labour is involved.

We atSrijianLokhitSamiti demand that the Government of Madhya Pradesh should take a serious note of these accident cases and commission an enquiry into these fatal accidents. Until the enquiry is complete and appropriate safety measures are taken, the project should be shut down.

We also demand US Ex-Im Bank to take liability for financing the project, which has become a death trap for labourers working at the project site. The Bank should make no further disbursement for the project, until it ensures proper safety standards for it.

Full report “Report on Project Financing of Sasan Power Limited”: http://www.exim.gov/sites/default/files/oig/reports/Final%20Sasan%20Report%20-%20Redacted.pdf

Response of SLS to the report: https://lokhitsamiti.files.wordpress.com/2015/12/response-to-oig-sasan-report-december-2015.pdf

Contact:
Awadheshbhai: Tel:09425013524

रिलायंस के सासन पावर प्रोजेक्ट मे गंभीर श्रमिक आधिकारों का उल्लधंनः यूएस एग्जिम बैंक की जाॅच दल ने की पुष्टि

प्रेस विज्ञप्ती
सिगरौली फरवरी 9, 2016

रिलायंस के सासन पावर प्रोजेक्ट मे गंभीर श्रमिक आधिकारों का उल्लधंनः यूएस एग्जिम बैंक की जाॅच दल ने की पुष्टि
अब तक हुई 19 मौते और अनेक घायल, कोई कार्यवाही नही।

यूनाईटेड स्टेट की एक्सर्पोट इम्र्पोट बैंक रिलायंस के सासन पावर परियोजना मध्यप्रदेष मे एक वित्तदाता है जिसने परियोजना क्षेत्र मे निमार्ण कार्य के दौरान 19 मृत्यु और गंभीर श्रमिक आधिकारों के उल्लधंन की पुष्टि की।

यूएस एग्जिम बैंक की रिपोर्ट ”प्रोजेक्ट फाइनेन्स आॅफ सासन लिमिटेड“ सितंबर 2015 मे यूएस एग्जिम बैंक के इंस्पेक्टर जनरल आफीस द्वारा यह पुष्टि की गई कि यूएस एग्जिम बैंक चैयरमेन ने सीईओ रिलायंस को सूचना दी कि वे परियोजना मे लगातार खराब सुरक्षा उपाय बरतने से नाखुष है। विषेषतौर पर चैयरमेन के पत्र मे यह लिखा है कि “एकीकृत परियोजना क्षेत्र मे अभी तक कुल मृत्यु की घटनाये 19 हो चुकी है जो दुखद और अमान्य है।“ उसके बावजूद परियोजना क्षेत्र मे कोई भी बदलाव नही आया।
ज्यादातर इन घटनाओं मे ना तो कोई जाॅच हुई है ना ही इन गंभीर घटना के तहत रिलायंस के खिलाफ कोई षिकायत दर्ज है। इन घटनाओं को एग्जिम बैंक द्रवारा बताये जाने के बावजूद परियोजना इस तरह की घटनाओ को रोकने हेतु कोई कदम नही उठाया जा रहा है कम्पनी ऐसी घटनाओं को रोकने मे नाकाम साबित हो रही है।

पिछले कुछ वर्षो से सृजन लोकहीत समिती सासन परियोजना क्षेत्र मे हो रही घटनाओं के मुद्दो को लगातार उठा रही है। ऐसा पहली बार हुआ है कि ऐसी घटनाओं को यूएस एग्जिम बैंक जैसी संस्था ने भी माना है। 19 मृत्यु होना अपने आप मे गंभीर है। उससे भी षर्मनाक यह है कि इन दुर्घटनाओं के बावजूद कम्पनी के खिलाफ अभी तक कोई कदम नही उठाया गया। इस छुटकारे का कम्ंपनी लगातार फायदा उठा रही है यह उससे भी ज्यादा निराषाजनक है।

रिर्पोट आगे कहता कि “सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य आनुपालन के सर्वोच्च मापदंड को यूएस एग्जिम बैंक के द्वारा परियोजना फाइनेन्ष“ और खतरनाक घटनाओं और दुर्घटनाऐ का अंत होना चाहिये, इसके प्रति पत्र मे बैक की प्रतिबद्धता पर बल दिया गया है। चेयरमेन के पत्र मे लिखा है कि परिस्थितियों मे सुधार आने की बजाय और बिगडती जा रही है। ”परियोजना क्षेत्र मे सुरक्षा और स्वास्थ्य उपायो के बारे मे एक विस्तृत कार्यक्रम योजना 15 फरवरी 2016 तक” बैंक ने रिलायंस से जमा करने को कहा है।

रिर्पोट ने माना है कि 2012 से कोई तीसरा पक्ष यूएस एग्जिम बैंक को इन मृत्यू की घटनाओं के बारे मे बता रहा था और उस पर “एक सुरक्षा केद्रित संस्कृति के बनाने के लिये“ बैंक ने अनुरोध किया था। हालाॅकि कोई भी मजूबत कदम यूएस एग्जिम बैंक की ओर से इन घटनाओं की जाॅच के लिये नही उठाया गया। अगर समय पर कोई कदम उठाया होता तो षायद कुछ लोगो का जीवन बच गया होता।

”मुृत्यू की संख्या 19 से कई ज्यादा हो सकती है क्योकि ज्यादातर श्रमिक दैनिक वेतनभोगी ही है उनको कोई भी ठीक से दस्तावेजीकरण नही किया जाता। मृत्यू के आलावा ऐसे कई दुर्घटनाये हुई है जिसमे श्रमिक बुरी तरह घायल हुये है और कुछ तो पूरे जीवन के लिये ही विकलांग हो चुके है। उनकी घटनाओं को यहा नही गिना गया ना ही उनके मुद्रदों पर विचार किया गया।” ऐसा सतीप्रसाद, सृजनलोकहीत समिति के सदस्य का कहना है। (सतिप्रसाद को श्रमिको के आधिकारो के लिये आवाज उठाने और उनको सगंठीत करने के कारण कम्पनी ने झुठे केस मे फसाकर, बाहर कर दिया था।)

सृजन लोकहीत समिति ने अन्य नागरिक समाज संस्थाओं के साथ मिलकर जुलाई 2014 मे यूएस एग्जिम बैंक मे एक षिकायत दर्ज की, उसमे स्पष्टरूप से लिखा था कि परियोजना क्षेत्र मे कई गंभीर घटनाये हो चुकी है और वो कई संख्या कई सैकडों मे बदल सकती है। स्थानीय लोगो ने भी षिकायत की है कि ऐसी घटनाये कही भी दर्ज नही हो रही है और विषेषरूप ऐसा प्रवासी श्रमिको के साथ ज्यादा हो रहा है।

हम सृजन लोकहीत समिती की ओर से माॅग करते है कि मध्यप्रदेष सरकार इन गंभीर दुर्घटनाओं पर नजर रखे और तुरंत एक जाॅच समिती गठित करे और जाॅच समिति की पूरी रिर्पोट आने तक मृतको और घायलो को पूर्ण मुआवजा मिलने तक कोई वित्तीय सहायता ना करे। मध्यप्रदेष षासन से हम माॅग करते है कि सासन कंपनी मे जाॅच पूरी होने तक उचित सुरक्षा उपाय बहाल होने तक कंपनी को फौरन बंद किया जाऐ। हम यूएस एग्जिम बैंकसे माॅग करते है कि वह परियोजना फाइनेन्स करने के लिये जिम्मदारी ले जो वहा काम करने वाले श्रमिको के लिये यह परियोजना मौत का फंदा बन गया है।

संर्पकः
सृजन लोकहीत समिती,
65 षिवाजी काम्पेलेक्स, नवजीवन विहार
विध्यानगर, सिगरौली
आवधेष कुमारः 09425013524

Full report “Report on Project Financing of Sasan Power Limited”: http://www.exim.gov/sites/default/files/oig/reports/Final%20Sasan%20Report%20-%20Redacted.pdf

Response of SLS to the report: https://lokhitsamiti.files.wordpress.com/2015/12/response-to-oig-sasan-report-december-2015.pdf