Sasan plant may shut down in March for lack of coal: Reliance Power tells Delhi HC

The threat of a shutdown is looming large over the operation of Reliance Power’s 3,960 megawatt power project in Madhya Pradesh if it is not allowed to mine coal in excess of the cap set by the Centre, the company told Delhi High Court today.

The threat of a shutdown is looming large over the operation of Reliance Power’s 3,960 megawatt power project in Madhya Pradesh if it is not allowed to mine coal in excess of the cap set by the Centre, the company told Delhi High Court today.

Sasan Power Ltd, a subsidiary of Reliance, moved an application before a bench of Acting Chief Justice Gita Mittal and Justice C Hari Shankar, contending that the cap of 17 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) on mining from its two coal blocks Moher and Moher-Amlohri blocks was not enough to carry out operations until the end of this financial year.

It said the approved quantity of coal would not meet the requirement for running the plant for the last 10 days of March this year, severely affecting 42 crore consumers.

 The company has contended that if it was not allowed to mine another 2 MTPA, that is up to 19 MTPA, in this financial year, it will not be able to meet the requirements of its Sasan Ultra Mega Power Project (UMPP) that supplies electricity to 14 discoms in seven states.\

Such a situation will also entail a loss of around Rs 130 crore for the company, while the discoms would have to shell out more than Rs 200 crore to purchase power from other sellers to provide electricity to their 42 crore consumers, it claimed.

The company said in its plea that it supplied electricity under a 25-year long term power purchase agreement on a tariff of Rs 1.196 per kWh to 14 discoms across the states of Delhi, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

In its application seeking permission to mine 19 MTPA, Sasan has contended that this will also help it to maintain additional stock of coal of 1.25 million tonne for meeting any exigency which might disrupt coal production.

It has also claimed that it has exhausted most of its accumulated stock last year to run its plant when it had to stop mining after hitting the 17 MTPA cap.

The application was submitted in the main writ petition filed by Reliance Power and Sasan challenging the Centre’s May 7, 2015, decision to cancel one of the three coal blocks allocated to Sasan UMPP.

The government had justified the cancellation saying the unit’s coal requirement could be met by the other two mines, Moher and Moher-Amlohri extension in Madhya Pradesh.

Sasan project is an integrated power plant-cum-coal mining project at a single location, involving an investment of over Rs 27,000 crore, Reliance has said in its petition.


Twenty-Two Killed, 100 Injured as Boiler Explodes at NTPC’s Unchahar Plant


New Delhi: A boiler in the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) Unchahar plant in Rae Bareli exploded on Wednesday (November 1), leaving 22 people dead and close to 100 injured.

According to Uttar Pradesh police ADG (law and order) Anand Kumar, the toll from the explosion could rise further as people are feared to be trapped inside the plant.

The boiler pipe burst in the 500 MW power-generating unit that began operating in March, NDTV reported. A massive fire broke out and a large ball of dust rose after the explosion, making rescue difficult, the channel said.

“…there was sudden abnormal sound at 20 mt. elevation and there was an opening…from which hot flue gases and steam escaped affecting the people working around the area,” NDTV quoted NTPC as saying in a statement.

Chief minister Adityanath, who is away in Mauritius on a three-day official visit, ordered that necessary steps be taken for rescue and relief. “The chief minister has taken cognisance of the Unchahar accident and has directed principal secretary (home) to ensure that all steps are taken for rescue and relief,” principal secretary (information) Awanish Awasthi, who is accompanying Adityanath, said.

NTPC said in a statement, according to NDTV, “An unfortunate accident in the boiler of 500MW under trial unit of NTPC – Unchahar occurred this afternoon”.

The injured are being rushed to nearby hospitals, police have said. The district administration rushed ambulances to the plant and directed health officials to provide prompt treatment to the injured. A National Disaster Response Force team has also been sent to help with the rescue efforts.

The coal-fired plant is owned by India’s biggest power utility NTPC Ltd, and police officer Dhananjay Singh said the plant, has now been shut down.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted to say officials were ensuring that normalcy is restored.

Deeply pained by the accident at the NTPC plant in Raebareli. My thoughts are with the bereaved families. May the injured recover quickly. The situation is being closely monitored & officials are ensuring normalcy is restored: PM @narendramodi

(With PTI inputs)

NTPC blast due to pressure to start unit ahead of schedule?


The Unchahar power plant where the blast took place

All India Power Engineers Federation (AIPEF) suspects safety standards were compromised in the company’s haste to operationalise unit a year ahead of schedule

Did officials of NTPC compromise on safety resulting in the accident in which 30 workers, most of them casual workers, lost their lives and 66 others received burns, some of them over 70 per cent, and are struggling for their lives at the Unchahar Thermal Power Plant?

Questions are being raised whether the unit no. 6 of the Unchahar Thermal Power plant was ready for trial. Was the operation cleared by the competent authority or did the NTPC board or chairman force officials to start operations without allowing a “cooling period” for the plant to settle down?

Electrical engineers NH spoke to said that normally it takes a new, thermal unit three and a half years to four years to become operational. But at Unchahar, this particular unit was being pushed to become operational in two and a half years. Was the NTPC chairman also under pressure, they wondered.

“The admission that around 150-200 people were working in the boiler section at the time of the accident is a clear indication that work in the plant was not complete. In a running plant only 5-6 people work at a time in that section. Why were so many people working there ?” asks Shailendra Dubey, Chairman, All India Power Engineers Federation (AIPEF) .

Safety factors should not be compromised in the company’s rush to complete projects ahead of schedule, the engineers say. The AIPEF has demanded a high level independent enquiry in the whole matter so that such type of incident may not occure in future, he said.

The blast was reportedly triggered in the duct connected to the boiler which is used for transferring ash of burnt coal. It is believed that the ash pipe got choked, causing the blast.

Apart from huge accumulation of ash in the furnace, the problem also got aggravated when the coal powder which was pumped into the furnace developed a `clinker formation’ .As workers were engaged to break the clinkers, the coal supply got disrupted. This disturbed the pressure which rose to +350 mmwc from the normal pressure of +/-5 mmwc into the boiler which started vibrating before bursting from corner number 2, an engineer tried to explain.

“The formation of coal clinkers often causes serious problem for smooth working of a power plant,” confirmed Dubey. He said that the boiler has enormous pressure which needs to be maintained with smooth flow of coal.

He said that AIPEF would be submitting a memorandum to Central Power Minister R K Singh demanding strict adherence of safety measures in running the power plants.

Meanwhile, four critically injured workers succumbed to their injuries at different government hospitals in Lucknow late last night taking the toll to 30. Still more than 60 critically injured were admitted at different hospitals.

Principal secretary (home) Arvind Kumar said that 19 people died in Rae Bareli while the rest died in different hospitals including in Lucknow.

The victims were mostly contractual workers engaged in construction work of the boiler.

According to an eye witness, a big explosion rocked the campus with black smoke engulfing the unit. There were around 1150 worker working in the power plant at the time of the incident. Most of the deceased were burnt alive.

According to the reports, the plant was on a trial run and generating 200 Megawatts of power which was not yet being supplied to the grid.

एनटीपीसी हादसा पीड़ितों में 30 की मौत, 200 से ज्यादा झुलसे लोगों का हो रहा उपचार

Publish Date:Wed, 01 Nov 2017 04:49 PM (IST) | Updated Date:Thu, 02 Nov 2017 10:48 PM (IST)

एनटीपीसी हादसा पीड़ितों में 30 की मौत, 200 से ज्यादा झुलसे लोगों का हो रहा उपचारएनटीपीसी हादसा पीड़ितों में 30 की मौत, 200 से ज्यादा झुलसे लोगों का हो रहा उपचार
एनटीपीसी ऊंचाहार में बॉयलर फटने से कम से कम 30 लोगों की मौत हो गई है और 200 से ज्यादा लोग झुलस गए हैं। यूपी सीएम ने पीड़ितों के लिए मदद की घोषणा की है।

रायबरेली (जेएनएन)।  एनटीपीसी ऊंचाहार की छठी यूनिट में बुधवार शाम बिजली उत्पादन के दौरान ब्वॉयलर में विस्फोट हो गया। दो सौ से ज्यादा श्रमिक, कर्मचारी व अधिकारी दहकती राख की चपेट में आ गए। विस्फोट में 30 लोगों के मरने की प्रमुख सचिव (गृह) अरविंद कुमार ने पुष्टि की है। उन्होंने बताया कि 200 से ज्यादा घायलों को विभिन्न अस्पतालों में भर्ती कराया गया है, जिनमें कई की हालत नाजुक है। अब भी बड़ी संख्या में श्रमिकों के राख में दबे होने की आशंका है। घायलों में एनटीपीसी के तीन एजीएम भी शामिल हैं। मृतकों में उत्तर प्रदेश, बिहार और मध्य प्रदेश के लोग शामिल हैं। उल्लेखनीय है कि घटना के फोटो बहुत ही भयावह है जो विचलित कर देने वाले हैं। इसलिए हम उन्हें प्रकाशित नहीं कर रहे हैं।

शोक संवेदना और मदद

एनटीपीसी हादसे पर मुख्यमंत्री योगी आदित्यनाथ और सांसद सोनिया गांधी ने शोक संवेदना व्यक्त किया है। यूपी सीएम ने प्रमुख सचिव गृह को हादसे के पीड़ितों को हर संभव राहत पहुंचाने के निर्देश दिए हैं। मृतकों के लिए सीएम की ओर से मृतक आश्रितों और घायलों को आर्थिक सहायता देने की घोषणा की गई है। अब गुरुवार को यूपी तथा केंद्र सरकार के मंत्री घटनास्थल का निरीक्षण करने जा रहे हैं।

ऐस पाइप में अचानक धमाका

नेशनल थर्मल पावर कार्पोरेशन (एनटीपीसी) ऊंचाहार परियोजना के संयंत्र क्षेत्र में नवनिर्मित पांच सौ मेगावाट क्षमता की छठी इकाई में बिजली उत्पादन का काम चल रहा था। शाम करीब पांच बजे ब्वॉयलर की ऐश पाइप में अचानक तेज आवाज के साथ धमाका हो गया। लगभग 90 फीट ऊंचाई पर विस्फोट हुआ और प्लांट के चारों ओर गर्म राख फैल गई।

ब्वॉयलर के आसपास निजी कंपनी के दो सौ से ज्यादा श्रमिक, एनटीपीसी के कर्मचारी व अधिकारी काम में जुटे थे। ये सभी राख की चपेट में आ गए। हादसे की सूचना पर एनटीपीसी प्रबंधन सक्रिय हुआ। गर्म राख को हटाकर घायलों को बाहर निकालने का काम शुरू हुआ। सबसे पहले घायलों को एनटीपीसी अस्पताल लाया गया। फिर उनकी गंभीर हालत को देखते हुए रायबरेली या लखनऊ रेफर किया जाने लगा।

जानकारी के मुताबिक यह हादसा एनटीपीसी ऊंचाहार की 500 मेगावाट की छठी यूनिट हुआ है। इस हादसे में 25 लोगों को पहले एनटीपीसी अस्पताल में ही भर्ती कराकर उपचार कराया गया । शेष घायलों को निकाला जाने की कार्रवाई के बीच अधिकारियों ने यूनिट को सील कर दिया है। वहां किसी को जाने की अनुमति नहीं है। लोगों ने कई शवों को निकाले जाते देखा है। बताया गया है कि जिन लोगों की सांसे थम गई थीं उन्हें एनटीपीसी परिसर में ही रोक लिया गया जिनकी सांसे चल रहीं थी उन्हें ही बाहर के अस्पतालों तक पहुंचाया गया। हादसा बहुत भयावह है। कितने जख्मी कितनी मौत कुछ कहा नहीं जा सकता है।

हादसे से जुड़े कुछ खास तथ्य

 from Raebareli: Ash-pipe explosion at NTPC plant; at least 100 injured.

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  • यूनिट और उसके आसपास करीब 200 कर्मचारी मौजूद थे
  • लगभग 90 फीट ऊंचाई पर ऐस पाइप में विस्फोट हुआ
  • आग लगने के बाद लपटों में घिरकर सब इधर भागने लगे।
  • पुलिस और पीएसी के अलावा पुलिस अधिकारी मौके पर पहुंचे।
  • दर्जनों एम्बुलेंस से घायलों को जिला अस्पताल ले जाया गया।
  • कुछ श्रमिकों की हालत नाजुक देखते लखनऊ रेफर किया गया
  • फ़िलहाल हादसा कैसे हुआ इसकी अधिकारी जांच कर रहे हैं।
  • आग ऊंचाहार एनटीपीसी की 500 मेगावाट यूनिट में लगी।
  • परियोजना ने हाइड्रो टेस्टिंग में रिकार्ड स्थापित किया है।
  • बुधवार दोपहर बाद के हादसे ने सबको झकझोर दिया है।
  • एनटीपीसी बॉयलर फटने से 200 से अधिक मजदूर झुलसे हैं।
  • इस भयावह हादसे में 30 श्रमिकों की झुलसकर मौत है।
  • बड़ी संख्या में लोगों के दबे होने की आशंका बरकरार
  • लखनऊ केजीएमयू में पचास बेड आरक्षित किए गए।

शाम सात बजे तक एनटीपीसी अस्पताल में 110 और सामुदायिक स्वास्थ्य केंद्र में सात घायलों को भर्ती कराया गया। बाद में इनमें से 18 गंभीर घायलों को जिला अस्पताल लाया गया। हादसे में 30 लोगों की मौत हो चुकी है। इनमें से बिहार के कंचन और हबीबुल्ला, लखनऊ के संजय पटेल, मध्य प्रदेश के राम रतन, अवधेश जायसवाल निवासी बिकई ऊंचाहार, जितेंद्र चौधरी, प्यारेलाल, गफ्फूर, सच्चिदानंद, अनंतपाल, फैज्जुला, बालकृष्ण और रवींद्र शिनाख्त हो सकी है। एनटीपीसी के अतिरिक्त महाप्रबंधक प्रभात श्रीवास्तव, मिश्रीलाल और संजीव सक्सेना भी गर्म राख की चपेट में आ गए। तीनों को गंभीर हालत में लखनऊ रेफर किया गया है।

By Nawal Mishra

Sasan’s Shadow: An Ultra Mega Power Project’s Dark Side

PWR_100116_Sasan_Splash   For all its record-breaking achievements for speed, innovation, and efficiency, the 3,960-MW Sasan Ultra Mega Power Project should have been a POWER Top Plant. But the unique project has been plagued by serious setbacks—including loss of life—that show how perilous the plant construction journey can be.

A decade ago, India was suffering a power crisis so dire that only 56% of households in the country with a population of 1.1 billion had connections to the grid. (Today, it’s 81%; see this issue’s “THE BIG PICTURE: Still in the Dark” in the Global Monitor department.) Where electricity was available, power cuts were routine, and Indian industry, so used to failings of the national grid, was forced to build its own “captive” generating plants. In 2005, gripped by the prospect of a widening chasm between demand and supply (at the time, demand exceeded supply by 12.1%), India’s central government set ambitious targets to add 100 GW of new generating capacity over the next 10 years to fuel its surging economy.

One of its most formidable ventures to boost this virtual doubling of generating capacity was the introduction of ultra mega power projects (UMPPs). Backed by the Ministry of Power and the Central Electricity Authority, the program consisted of two stages. First, it tasked the state-owned Power Finance Corp. (PFC) with setting up subsidiaries known as “special purpose vehicles” (SPVs) to procure land, water, and environmental clearances as well as power purchase agreements and to allocate coal blocks to fuel a dozen planned 4-GW UMPPs scattered around the country. Secondly, the government invited private companies to bid competitively to acquire an SPV based on the lowest “levelized” tariff to be charged for electricity.

In February 2006, the PFC established Sasan Power Ltd. to develop, own, and maintain a UMPP in Singrauli, a district in the central state of Madhya Pradesh. Historically, the region had been covered in forests so dense and wild that it was used as an open-air prison by the maharajas of the neighboring Rewa region. Since construction of a large dam in the 1950s that formed a sizable artificial lake, the Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar Lake Reservoir, and the discovery of rich coal deposits spread over 2,200 square kilometers of nearby land, Singrauli has been transformed into an energy hub. Owing to its proximity to an abundance of coal and water, today the region has an operating power capacity of more than 10 GW—mostly from coal-fired plants, and projects of up to 15 GW are under construction.

Reliance Power (then known as Reliance Energy Ltd.), the power-generating arm of conglomerate Reliance Group, ultimately acquired Sasan Power in August 2007 at a levelized tariff of 1.196 rupees/kWh (about $0.026/kWh at the time). That year, Reliance also snapped up SPVs and related assets for another UMPP: the 4-GW Krishnapatnam project planned for Andhra Pradesh state. And in 2009, it won rights to set up the Tilaiya UMPP in Jharkhand state.

Tilaiya was canceled last year, owing to inordinate delays in land acquisition. As Reliance told POWER, the Krishnapatnam UMPP is also in regulatory limbo. The project was to depend on imported coal from Indonesia, but following rule changes, the price of that coal has shot up. “The company has moved Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) for [a tariff revision], citing ‘force majeure.’ The matter is subjudice,” the company said, declining to comment further.

Sasan, on the other hand, was fully commissioned by April 2015—a stunning 12 months ahead of schedule.

A Project of National Significance

Putting Sasan online on schedule was a matter of “national importance,” Reliance said, as it would benefit 350 million people in seven Indian states and territories: Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Uttarakhand.

Project construction officially kicked off in 2009. Reliance’s construction arm, Reliance Infrastructure Ltd. (RINFRA), won the engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) contract. RINFRA then appointed consultants such as Black & Veatch, HOK, Toshiba Power Systems, and Indian engineering firms Development Consultants Private Ltd. and STUP, among others, to design and develop the project.

The project’s major equipment was sourced from a number of entities (Table 1) from around the world.


Table 1. Sasan Ultra Mega Power Plant’s major equipment suppliers. Courtesy: Reliance Infrastructure

Today, the UMPP is a 3,960-MW supercritical coal-fired power plant consisting of six 660-MW units and two government-allocated coal mines located about 12.4 miles away from the power plant. The project and associated coal mines account for nearly 10,000 acres of land, of which nearly 7,000 acres is for the mining operation. That makes it one of the biggest integrated coal mine and power projects at a single location in the world.

Among the project’s most remarkable attributes is that it transports coal to the power plant from the coal mines via a 9-mile-long overland conveyor belt (Figure 1). Reliance noted that the single flight conveyor system “has a higher reliability, longer service life, [it is] compatible for rough terrain, and it requires lower human interface” than the alternatives.


1. Coal belt. Coal from two mines leased from India’s government is transported to the 3,960-MW Sasan Ultra Mega Power Project via a 9-mile-long conveyor belt that crosses rough terrain and rivers. The overland conveyor includes head tail drives and two horizontal curves. Courtesy: Reliance Infrastructure

The plant also uniquely uses fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) cooling towers, and it has one of the largest FRP towers in the world, according to its manufacturer, Hamon Shriram Cottrell, a joint venture between Belgium’s Hamon Group and India’s Shriram Industrial Holdings.

By the time the project was deemed complete, it had achieved several “firsts” for an Indian power plant:

■ It was the first time in the country that boiler light-up for steam blowing was done with coal firing instead of oil.

■ It clocked the country’s fastest hydro test to identify leaks of the boiler.

It achieved commissioning of five 660-MW units within 12 months—the fastest in the country. Four units were synchronized to the grid in a record eight months’ time.

Let new CBI director take a call on Sasan: Supreme Court

The bench refused to make any changes to an earlier order directing the CBI chief to probe charges of misuse of office by the agency’s former director, Ranjit Sinha, in the coal scam case.
NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court left it to the new CBI director to decide whether or not to probe an allegation that coal from a captive block allocated to Reliance Powerowned Sasan Ultra Mega Power Project was diverted for commercial purposes.

Rejecting a demand from activist-lawyer Prashant Bhushan to order a probe into a Comptroller and Auditor General finding that the exchequer had lost Rs 29,000 crore in potential revenue due to the diversion, a bench led by justice Madan B Lokur said: “Let the new CBI director decide.”

Reliance Power had refuted the findings in the CAG report. On Monday, the bench, however, issued notices on another plea by Bhushan, seeking cancellation of the allocation of a block to NTPC.

The state owned power producer had been spared earlier, Bhushan argued, because it claimed that there was no joint venture with any private company for the block.

It has subsequently come to light that there was such a joint venture, he argued. The other two judges on the bench were justices Kurian Joseph and AK Sikri.

The bench refused to make any changes to an earlier order directing the CBI chief to probe charges of misuse of office by the agency’s former director, Ranjit Sinha, in the coal scam case. Sinha’s lawyer, Vikas Singh, wanted the court to treat him on par with the politicians who escaped investigations in the case, arguing that the material cited to hold him prima facie guilty was just some entries made in a diary.

He then urged the court to direct the CBI director to hold only an inquiry and not an investigation. That was also refused. Singh said he would file an application seeking recall of that order.


Another Bhopal? Sonbhadra-Singrauli has all the ingredients

AVESH TIWARI@PatrikaNews | 7 June 2016

Have you heard of the Sonbhadra-Singrauli belt? This region at the cusp of Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh is billed by many as India’s energy capital. What nobody talks of is how this belt is on the brink of a disaster that can match the Bhopal disaster.Another Bhopal? Sonbhadra-Singrauli has all the ingredients

The methyl isocyanate leak at the Union Carbide plant in Bhopal led to India’s biggest industrial disaster on 2 December, 1984. Such was the scale of the leak that horror stories haven’t stop coming out three decades on. But have we learnt any lesson?

Doesn’t seem so if we look at Sonbhadra-Singrauli. The 40 square-kilometre area hosts some half-a-dozen power plants – both coal-fired and hydro-electric. Their combined capacity of about 21,000 megawatts (MW) cater to a large part of the country.

Now private groups such as Reliance, Lanco and Essar as well as state-owned utilities are set to add 20,000 MW more by setting up several projects in the next five years.

The belt also houses several other industries like an aluminum, chemical and carbon factories of the Birlas and a cement factory owned by the Jaypee Group.

But these impressive numbers tell just one side of the story.

The Sonbhadra-Singrauli belt is also known for the plight of its farmers whose land has been ruined by mining and limestone.

This region is also home to over five lakh Adivasis. In fact, Sonbhadra is the only district of Uttar Pradesh where tribals are in a majority.

However, the fruits of industrial activity have barely reached these people with most of them find it difficult to make ends meet.

The region is traversed by eight small rivers. With the area accounting for nearly 16% of the total carbon emission in the country, it is of little surprise that all the river waters are completely polluted.

In other words, every inch of this land is prone to a catastrophe like Bhopal. The greed of industrialists, politicians and bureaucrats is not the only reason for this risk.

The media is equally to blame for this state of affairs. It will highlight Sonbhadra-Singrauli’s issues only after a disaster. Otherwise, it is happy to look the other way.

Enrico Fabian for The Washington Post via Getty Images
The chloro chemicals division of Kanoria Chemicals & Industries Ltd, located at Renukoot, produces some of the most dangerous substances for industrial use. It was acquired by the Aditya Birla group in 2011 at a cost of Rs 830 crore.

It is estimated that the waste produced by this factory kills 40-50 people every year on average. Most of this waste is released directly into the Rihand dam. And the effect is telling on the surrounding population.

Thousands of residents in hundreds of villages around the Rihand Dam have been completely or partially crippled.

“Waste from the Kanoria Chemicals factory at Renukoot kills 40-50 people every year on an average”
In December 2011, 20 people of the Kamari Dand village in Sonbhadra district lost their lives after using the water from the Rihand Dam. Thousands of cattle had also met with the same fate.

Investigations proved that the chemicals released from the Kanoria Chemicals Factory had poisoned the water. Yet, the issue did not attract enough media attention.

Earlier, a gas leak from the Kanoria plant had killed five people in January 2005. The accident reportedly occurred because of the negligence of company officials.

Villages after village in Sonbhadra are falling prey to the fatal disease of Fluorosis, a chronic condition caused by excessive intake of fluorine compounds.

There is hardly a person in villages like Padwa Kodawari and Kusumha, who has not been afflicted with some of kind of physical deformity due to this disease.

The power plants of Sonbhadra-Singrauli emit 1.5 tonnes of fly ash every year. This fly ash is composed of mercury that is extremely harmful to the human body. Traces of mercury have been found in the samples of human hair, blood and even crops of this region.

The locals have no option but to live with the impact of this pollution. The sun here is paled with the dust coming out of towering chimneys. A blanket of haze engulfs the air as soon as the evening sets in.

The pollution has not even spared the still-to-be-born babies. The death of children during the pre-pregnancy period has become a regular occurrence.

Yet, the state-run Obra and Anpara power plants are operating without any environmental clearance. The Central Pollution Control Board has ordered a close down stating they are ‘too dangerous.’

“State-run Obra and Anpara power plants are operating without environmental clearance”
However, nobody seems baffled with such blatant flouting of norms. The seeds of a Bhopal-like tragedy are being sown, not only in Sonbhadra-Singrauli belt but in every corner of the country.

The state as well as the Union Government is avoiding accountability in the name of development. For now, the Sonbhadra-Singrauli region is nothing more than a hen laying golden eggs for them.

While one Warren Anderson may have gotten away, there are many more in the making.